There are now almost 25,000 electric plug-in vehicles registered in Spain. According to forecasts by the Ministry for Ecological Transition, the figure will rise to 5 million by 2030. Driving sustainable mobility has become one of the main objectives of Smart Cities. To this end, we must find a balance and adapt cities to allow citizens to quickly and easily move in and out of urban centers using innovative services and modes of transport, without, of course, forgetting to manage resources efficiently.
Social, economic and environmental factors
Implementing sustainable mobility in and outside urban environments is fraught with difficulties, but there are many steps that can be taken in this regard:
1. Urban transport development
All the information that smart cites have will help in optimizing vehicle routes and providing better connections between the various modes of transport, thus allowing people to reach more places in the least amount of time possible.
2. New mobility models
Carsharing, shared electric bicycles and scooters, and new platforms for transport vehicles with drivers, are just some examples of new models that are facilitating mobility. And let’s not forget autonomous cars, which will gradually start appearing and will be a key ingredient of future mobility.
3. Electric vehicles
These are an important alternative to conventional vehicles. Many cities are currently facing serious challenges because of high pollution levels. Introducing electric vehicles in said cities for public and private transport will go a long way towards stopping this problem, since they can lower both noise and gas emission levels.
4. Technology use
Device hyperconnectivity is now a reality thanks to the use of mobile applications, Big Data techniques, the IoT and artificial intelligence. Furthermore, user-derived information and a total connectivity between elements will identify new formulas that assist cities in their shift towards sustainable, efficient patterns of mobility in the cities of the future. By analyzing variables like traffic, real-time information on cities (roadworks, closed-off streets, traffic lights, etc.), and vehicle charging, we can optimize consumption and relieve traffic congestion in cities, thus enabling us to reduce pollution and take more care of the environment in which we live.
We must also equip smart cities with the necessary infrastructure for sustainable mobility. This means that we need to improve citizen mobility by providing bike lanes, bicycle and scooter parking, pedestrian spaces, and so forth, with a view to reorganizing and managing people and vehicle flows.
And then there are the electric car charging points. Known as electric stations, these charging points provide electricity to electric or hybrid plug-in vehicles. They are popping up in all kinds of scenarios (petrol stations, supermarket and leisure center car parks, motorway service stations, etc.) as more and more parties get involved in supplying the necessary electricity. Car manufacturers, electricity and oil companies, technological companies, and large and small, public and private carpark owners can all supply electricity. Consequently, the infrastructure necessary to charge electric vehicles is only just starting to expand, with the number of said points expected to reach 500,000 by 2030. All indications suggest that by 2019, major Spanish highways and cities will be equipped with fast charging stations approximately every 100 km, making travelling autonomously across the country a reality.
Teldat’s built-in communication platforms for vehicles H2-Automotive+, as well as industrial devices, permit connectivity between cars and smart cities to assist sustainable mobility in becoming a reality.